• Compare and contrast the four artworks provided (Kongo Crucifix, Ethiopian Cross, Bust of Ooni, and Josy Ajiboye’s Ooni painting).
• Use artworks A, B and C to discuss the lost-wax process of bronze casting
• Use the concept of cultural appropriation to discuss how artworks A and B adapted Christianity, and artwork D adapted modernism in African art.
Note: • Interpretation of these artworks should discuss their origins,
historical relevance, functions and symbolism. • Define your terms properly so that they support your analysis of the
images. Appropriation means adaptation, as in when artists in one context translate and transform cross-cultural concepts from another context.
• Cite all references, especially online references using footnotes • Avoid merely duplicating information from external sources:
plagiarism will be seriously penalized.
(A) Left: Kongo Kingdom of Sao Salvador, Crucifix, brass, 17th Century A.D.
(B) Right: Ethiopia (Aksum), Processional Cross, bronze, 14th-15th Century A.D.
(C) Left: Yoruba Peoples (Ife Kingdom), Bust of Ooni (king), bronze, 10th – 14th Centuries A.D.
(D) Right: Josy Ajiboye, Ooni, oil on canvas, 1976