Inventory Cutoff – GradSchoolPapers.com

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Inventory Cutoff – GradSchoolPapers.com

1. This is an individual project. You should not discuss it with anyone, living or dead, other
than Dr. Pitman. Students are expected to follow the UTSA Honor Pledge: “As a UTSA Roadrunner I live with honor and integrity.”
2. There are several parts of this project that you must complete.
3. You have been assigned to the Namtip, Ltd.’s December 31, 2015 audit and will be assisting in several areas of the audit. Accordingly, you may find it useful to review the appropriate chapters
in an intermediate accounting textbook and your auditing textbook.
4. All of your answers should be included in the attached PC Word® file named Project 2 Answers.docx. Do Not change the file name.
5. You should submit your file by attaching it through the assignment page of Blackboard Learn. (For help in submitting your assignment see:
https://help.blackboard.com/en-us/Learn/9.1_2014_04/Student/060_Assignments/010_Submit_Assignments). Students are responsible for ensuring that they have attached the appropriate file and submitted
the assignment.
6. There will be no “pregrading” of any project. Once you have submitted the file to Blackboard Learn, it is considered to be final and will be graded accordingly.
7. If you have any questions about the assignment, please contact Dr. Pitman.
8. Only projects submitted through Blackboard Learn will be graded. Unreadable or corrupt files will be treated as a nonsubmission.
9. Failure to follow the instructions will result in a loss of points.
10. No late assignments will be accepted nor graded.
2
Consider Each Part Independently
Part I—Inventory Cutoff
Only merchandise shipped by the Namtip to customers up to and including on December 30, 2015, has been eliminated from its inventory in its accounting records. The annual physical inventory count
was taken on December 30, 2015 after the close of business has been recorded on the books by the company’s controller. No perpetual inventory records for finished goods are maintained. All sales
are made on an FOB–shipping point basis. You are to assume that all purchase invoices have been correctly recorded.
The following lists of sales invoices are entered in the sales journal for the last part of December 2015 and first part of January 2016, respectively.
Sale
Sales Invoice Amount
Sales Invoice Date
Cost of Merchandise Sold
Date Shipped
December 2015
A
$ 3,000
Dec 21
$ 2,000
Dec 31
B
2,000
Dec 31
800
Dec 13
C
1,000
Dec 29
600
Dec 30
D
4,000
Dec 31
2,400
Jan 9
E
10,000
Dec 30
5,600
Dec 29*
January 2016
F
6,000
Dec 31
4,000
Dec 30
G
4,000
Jan 2
2,300
Jan 2
H
8,000
Jan 3
5,500
Dec 31
*sent to a consignee
Prepare the necessary proposed adjusting journal entry, in proper form, for each of the Sales (A through H). If no adjusting journal entry is necessary, you should write NO ADJUSTING ENTRY NEEDED
in the space for that sale.
Part II—Inventory Costing (Pricing)
Now you are performing costing (pricing) tests on a sample of the ending inventory. One of the items you selected for cost (price) testing is the orange widget, a significant part in the
manufacture of Namtip’s main products. You noted that the 12/31/15 inventory record of the orange widgets consisted of 1,263 units (you previously verified that this agreed to the quantity
indicated from the physical inventory) at $782 each for a total of $987,666.
Part II A. When you look at the invoices for the November and December purchases of the orange widgets, you see the following:
Date
Quantity
Unit Price
Total
11/03/15
1,000
$765
$ 765,000
11/22/15
500
770
385,000
12/03/15
800
777
621,600
12/28/15
600
782
469,200
Prepare the adjusting entry, in proper form, for the proper cost of orange widgets at December 31, 2015, assuming Namtip Ltd. uses the periodic FIFO method of inventory. Show supporting
calculations as necessary.
3
Part II B—Ignore part A. above. Assume you determined that the net realizable value for an orange widget is $775 per unit, while the net realizable value less a normal margin is $745 per unit.
Prepare the adjusting entry, in proper form, for the proper presentation of orange widgets at December 31, 2015 assuming you examined a vendor invoice dated December 31, 2015 for 500 orange widgets
at $750 each for a total of $375,000. The units were ordered on December 29, 2015 and received on January 4, 2016. Show supporting calculations as necessary.
Part III— Accounts Receivable—Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
Another area you have been assigned on the audit is Accounts Receivable—more specifically the Allowance for Doubtful Accounts. You performed the following analysis for the Allowance for Doubtful
Accounts:
Description
Amount
Tick Mark
Beginning Balance
$ 154,000
£
Increase (2% of $10,000,000 credit sales)
200,000

Write offs
(95,000)

Recovery of previously written off accounts
15,000

Ending Balance
$ 274,000
μ ¥
Tick Mark Legend:
£ Traced to prior year’s audit documentation.
√ Calculated.
ᴓ Reviewed authorization memorandum from the Treasurer.
€ Traced to cash receipts and reviewed supporting documentation.
μ Footed.
¥ Traced to the 12/31/15 general ledger.
After several discussions with Namtip’s controller, it has was determined that Namtip should adopt the aging method for estimating the Allowance for Doubtful Accounts.
A summary of the aging is as follows:
Classification by Month of Sale
Balance
Estimated % Uncollectible
November-December 2015
$ 1,080,000
2%
July-October 2015
650,000
10%
January-June 2015
420,000
25%
Prior years’*
150,000
70%
Total
$ 2,300,000
*$60,000 of the balance is totally uncollectible and should be written off prior
to the yearend adjustment.
Prepare the proposed necessary adjusting journal entries, in proper form, to ensure that the Allowance for Uncollectible Accounts is in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles as
of December 31, 2015. Show supporting calculations as necessary.
4
Part IV—Plant, Property and Equipment
The accompanying analyses of the Property, Plant, and Equipment and related Accumulated Depreciation accounts have been prepared by the chief accountant of the Namtip. You have traced the beginning
balances to your prior year’s audit working papers.
Namtip Ltd.
Analyses of Property, Plant, and Equipment and Related Accumulated Depreciation Accounts
For the Year Ending December 31, 2015
Assets
Per Ledger
12/31/14
Additions
Retirements
Per Ledger
12/31/15
Land
422,500
5,000
427,000
Buildings
120,000
17,500
137,500
Machinery and Equipment
385,000
40,400
26,000
399,400
Total
927,500
62,900
26,000
964,400
Accumulated Depreciation
Buildings
60,000
5,150
65,150
Machinery and Equipment
173,250
39,220
-0-
212,470
Total
233,250
44,370
-0-
277,620
All plant assets are depreciated on the straight-line basis (no residual value taken into consideration) based on the following estimated service lives: building, 25 years; and all other items, 10
years. The company’s policy is to take one half-year’s depreciation on all asset additions and disposals during the year.
Your audit revealed the following information:
1. On April 1, the company entered into a 10-year lease contract for a die casting machine, with annual payments of $5,000 payable in advance every April 1. The lease is cancelable by either party
(60 days’ written notice is required), and there is no option to renew the lease or buy the equipment at the end of the lease. The estimated service life of the machine is 20 years with no residual
value. The company recorded the die casting machine in the Machinery and Equipment account at $40,400, the present value at the date of the lease, and $2,020 applicable to the machine has been
included in depreciation expense for the year.
2. The company completed the construction of a wing on the plant building on June 30. The service life of the building was not extended by this addition. The lowest construction bid received was
$17,500, the amount recorded in the Buildings account. Company personnel constructed the addition at a cost of $16,000 (materials, $7,500; labor, $5,500; and overhead, $3,000).
3. On August 18, $5,000 was paid for paving and fencing a portion of land owned by the company and used as a parking lot for employees. The expenditure was charged to the Land account.
4. The amount shown in the machinery and equipment asset retirement column represents cash received on September 5 upon disposal of a machine purchased in July 2011 for $48,000. The chief
accountant recorded depreciation expense of $3,500 on this machine in 2015.
5. Harbor City donated land and a building appraised at $100,000 and $400,000, respectively, to Namtip, Ltd. for a plant. On September 1, the company began operating the plant. Since no costs were
involved, the chief accountant made no entry for the above transaction.
Prepare the adjusting journal entries, in proper form, that you would propose at December 31, 2015, to adjust the accounts for each the above transactions (1-5). Disregard income tax implications.
The accounts have not been closed. Computations should be rounded off to the nearest dollar. If no adjusting journal entry is necessary, you should write NO ADJUSTING ENTRY NEEDED in the
appropriate space. Show supporting calculations as necessary.

 

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