Week 4 quiz | Psychology homework help

 

Question 1

 

For which of the following symptoms should an exercising elder stop and contact a physician?

 

 

irregular heart beat

   

nausea or vomiting during or after exercise

   

muscle soreness

   

all of the above

   

a and b

 

1 points  

 

Question 2

 

Parkinson’s disease is involuntary shaking of the extremities that occurs during movement.

 

True

 

False

 

1 points  

 

Question 3

 

Which type of research study is considered the gold standard (best)?

 

 

cross-sectional

   

randomized

   

blinded series

   

randomized double blind

   

systematic double blind

 

1 points  

 

Question 4

 

On the average, older Americans are not as healthy, are less educated and have lower incomes than younger adults.

 

True

 

False

 

1 points  

 

Question 5

 

Which of the following is NOT an age-associated change of the ear?

 

 

a gradual inability to hear high-pitched sounds

   

bones break in the middle ear

   

ear wax accumulates

   

all of the above are due to age

   

b and c

 

1 points  

 

Question 6

 

About half the elder population subsists on incomes below the poverty level.

 

True

 

False

 

1 points  

 

Question 7

 

Which of these characteristics is common among centenarians?

 

 

they have elderly family members

   

they have lower rates of diseases

   

they live independently, with or without a partner

   

a and b

   

all of the above

 

1 points  

 

Question 8

 

Which of the following has been attributed to elders’ decreased caloric needs with age?

 

 

decreased metabolic rate

   

decreased proportion of body fat

   

decreased physical activity

   

all of the above

   

a and c

 

1 points  

 

Question 9

 

Which of the following is NOT an age-associated change in the nervous system?

 

 

crystallized intelligence declines

   

neurons accumulate lipofuscin

   

decline of memory and speed of processing information

   

reduction of blood flow to the brain

   

all of the above occur with advanced age

 

1 points  

 

Question 10

 

What is a nosocomial infection?

 

 

an infection contracted in a hospital

   

an infection that cannot be cured with antibiotics

   

an infection that accompanies a chronic condition

   

an infection that remains dormant for many years

   

an infection transmitted by sexual contact

 

1 points  

 

Question 11

 

Which of the following mental disorders is considered a psychotic disorder?

 

 

delirium

   

obsessive compulsive disorder

   

schizophrenia

   

none of the above

   

more than one of the above

 

1 points  

 

Question 12

 

A healthy elder needs up to two quarts of water each day, some of which is obtained from food.

 

True

 

False

 

1 points  

 

Question 13

 

The two most commonly reported health conditions reported by elders are:

 

 

hypertension and arthritis

   

heart disease and arthritis

   

hypertension and cancer

   

arthritis and diabetes

   

heart disease and cancer

 

1 points  

 

Question 14

 

What factor has the highest influence on longevity?

 

 

gender

   

ethnicity

   

income

   

educational level

   

b and c equally

 

1 points  

 

Question 15

 

The most common cause of hospitalization among older adults is:

 

 

heart disease

   

lung disease

   

diabetes

   

arthritis

   

none of the above

 

1 points  

 

Question 16

 

Which of the following is false regarding vitamin D?

 

 

deficiency causes osteoarthritis

   

increases the amount of calcium absorbed from the intestines

   

requirement can be met by sunlight

   

requirement can be met by supplements

   

all are true

 

1 points  

 

Question 17

 

Senile pruritus” is a fancy name for:

 

 

the decrease in peripheral vision that accompanies aging

   

itching of the skin

   

incontinence

   

high blood pressure

   

the loss of ability to hear high pitched sounds

 

1 points  

 

Question 18

 

It is generally agreed that racial differences in life expectancy are due primarily to genetic factors.

 

True

 

False

 

1 points  

 

Question 19

 

The most important risk factor for Parkinson’s disease is age.

 

True

 

False

 

1 points  

 

Question 20

 

More than 400,000 elders are responsible for raising one or more grandchildren.

 

True

 

False

 

1 points  

 

Question 21

 

Activities of Daily Living Scale (ADL) measure the ability of older adults to:

 

 

live safely in the community

   

perform more complex activities needed to live independently

   

manage their chronic illness effectively

   

perform self-care activities in the home

   

none of the above

 

1 points  

 

Question 22

 

Define perception.

 

 

receiving and processing input from the environment that involves the senses as well as emotions within yourself and others

   

ability of the person to choose what to focus on in the environment

   

the accumulated data you store throughout your life about what you have experienced and what you know

   

the ability to draw conclusions and make judgments from information

   

ability to acquire and apply knowledge accumulated throughout life

 

1 points  

 

Question 23

 

What factor has the largest influence on life expectancy?

 

 

ethnicity

   

race

   

income

   

gender

   

all have equal influence

 

1 points  

 

Question 24

 

Which of the following diseases has no symptoms in most cases?

 

 

diabetes

   

congestive heart failure

   

angina

   

hypertension

   

none of the above

 

1 points  

 

Question 25

 

Why are elders at a greater risk for illness or death from common infections?

 

 

age-associated physiological changes

   

the prevalence of chronic illnesses

   

environmental influences

   

all of the above

   

a and b

 

1 points  

 

Question 26

 

It is hypothesized that females have a genetic advantage that enables them to live longer than males in almost all animal species.

 

True

 

False

 

1 points  

 

Question 27

 

Older men and women who live alone have poorer diets than those who live with a spouse.

 

True

 

False

 

1 points  

 

Question 28

 

Adult-onset diabetes is characterized by:

 

 

loss of receptivity of body cells to insulin

   

high sugar diet

   

presence of a genetic defect

   

decreased insulin production

   

all of the above

 

1 points  

 

Question 29

 

The greatest barrier to receiving dental care for older people is

 

 

hesitancy to visit a dentist

   

inability to speak English

   

they are not treated properly

   

inability to pay

 

1 points  

 

Question 30

 

The three leading causes of death among elders, in order of mortality, are:

 

 

heart disease, accidents, stroke

   

cancer, heart disease, accidents

   

stroke, heart disease, cancer

   

heart disease, cancer, chronic lower respiratory diseases

 

1 points  

 

Question 31

 

Alcohol ingestion can lead to malnutrition by:

 

 

diminishing appetite

   

decreasing absorption of vitamins

   

increasing need for minerals and vitamins

   

all of the above

   

b and c

 

1 points  

 

Question 32

 

The life span for humans is:

 

 

75-85 years

   

85-95 years

   

95-105 years

   

105-115 years

   

115-120 years

 

1 points  

 

Question 33

 

Which of the following is true regarding elders and sleep?

 

 

elders report fewer sleep complaints than middle-aged adults

   

most elders do not seek medical care for insomnia

   

sleep patterns change in the later years

   

all of the above

   

b and c only

 

1 points  

 

Question 34

 

Chronic illness can be difficult to diagnose among elders because they may:

 

 

report different symptoms than younger group

   

may complain of multiple, nonspecific symptoms

   

have side effects from medication that are misinterpreted as another condition

   

symptoms of chronic illness may be incorrectly attributed to normal age changes

   

all of the above

 

1 points  

 

Question 35

 

Native Americans receive all the health care they need from the tribal reservations.

 

True

 

False

 

1 points  

 

Question 36

 

The biggest nutritional health problem in the United States is associated with:

 

 

vitamin deficiencies

   

mineral deficiencies

   

lack of fiber

   

obesity

   

lack of protein

 

1 points  

 

Question 37

 

Why is diagnosis of an infection more difficult in elders than other age groups?

 

 

important warning signs such as a fever may be atypical or absent

   

nonspecific symptoms such as confusion or fatigue accompany an infection

   

warning signs are misinterpreted as an association to age-related decline

   

elders often do not report warning signs to their physicians

   

all of the above

 

1 points  

 

Question 38

 

Demography is the study of:

 

 

race and ethnicity in the elderly population

   

the size, geographical distribution and vital statistics of a particular group

   

the relationship between minority groups and the level of care they receive

   

the geographical distribution of a particular group

   

none of the above

 

1 points  

 

Question 39

 

“Miscarried helping” refers to:

 

 

support that is excessive, untimely or inappropriate

   

when caregivers are overburdened by responsibilities and unable to help

   

the “sick role” behavior of older adults

   

the need for caregiving by older adults with chronic illness

   

assistance provided by elders to those who have lost a baby

 

1 points  

 

Question 40

 

Life expectancy

 

 

varies among cultures

   

is about 115-120 years

   

continues to increase in the U.S.

   

a and c

   

all of the above

 

1 points  

 

Question 41

 

Which of the following factors is the most important in culturally competent care?

 

 

the decoration of the building

   

the cultural background of the staff hired matches the population you want to serve

   

Placing signs in the native language

   

Setting up systems addressing the needs and preferences of the clientele

 

1 points  

 

Question 42

 

Why are elders more susceptible to accidents than other age groups?

 

 

reduced vision and hearing

   

other chronic and acute conditions

   

medications prescribed

   

poor gait

   

all of the above

 

1 points  

 

Question 43

 

What accounts for the largest proportion of death and disability among elders?

 

 

chronic illnesses

   

acute illness

   

accidents

   

suicides

   

cancer

 

1 points  

 

Question 44

 

Which of the following cognitive traits decline with age?

 

 

memory loss of recent events

   

ability to reason

   

ability to solve problems

   

all of the above

   

a and b

 

1 points  

 

Question 45

 

Why is the older population expanding?

 

 

more people are surviving to old age while the birth rate is relatively constant

   

the baby boomers are “coming of age”

   

life expectancy and birth rates of ethnic minorities are increasing

   

two of the above

   

all of the above

 

1 points  

 

Question 46

 

Dysphagia is difficulty in:

 

 

losing weight

   

swallowing

   

gaining weight

   

digesting food

   

none of the above

 

1 points  

 

Question 47

 

Which of the following are age-associated changes of the eye?

 

 

inability of eye to focus on distant objects

   

decreased speed of adaptation to darkness

   

clouding and yellowing of the lens

   

all of the above

   

b and c

 

1 points  

 

Question 48

 

The four largest groups of minority elders are:

 

 

Asian Americans, Alaskan Natives, Mexican Americans, and blacks Hispanic Americans.

   

African Americans, Hispanic Americans, Native Americans and Asian Pacific Islanders.

   

Hispanic Americans, Asian Pacific Islanders, Native Americans and Middle Eastern Americans

   

African Americans, Southeast Asian Americans, Native Americans, Hispanic Americans.

 

1 points  

 

Question 49

 

The strongest risk factor for dementia is:

 

 

age

   

gender

   

chromosomal abnormality

   

race

   

intelligence

 

1 points  

 

Question 50

 

The “zip code effect” explains why life in the rural areas is healthier than in the urban ones

 

True

 

False

 

1 points  

 

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